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FHA guidelines have been set requiring borrowers to qualify according to established debt-to-income ratios. In most cases, the highest debt-to-income ratio acceptable to qualify for a mortgage is 43%, although many larger lenders may look past that figure.

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November 15, 2019
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FHA.com is a privately owned website, is not a government agency, and does not make loans.

FHA Requirements

Debt-to-Income Ratio Guidelines

In order to prevent homebuyers from getting into a home they cannot afford, FHA requirements and guidelines have been set in place requiring borrowers and/or their spouse to qualify according to set debt to income ratios. These ratios are used to calculate whether or not the potential borrower is in a financial position that would allow them to meet the demands that are often included in owning a home.

Debt Ratio Guidelines

The two ratios are as follows:

1) Mortgage Payment Expense to Effective Income

Add up the total mortgage payment (principal and interest, escrow deposits for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance premium, homeowners' dues, etc.). Then, take that amount and divide it by the gross monthly income. The maximum ratio to qualify is 31%.

See the following example:

Total amount of new house payment:
$750
Borrower's gross monthly income (including spouse, if married):
$2,850
Divide total house payment by gross monthly income:
$750/$2,850
Debt to income ratio:
26.32%

2) Total Fixed Payment to Effective Income

Add up the total mortgage payment (principal and interest, escrow deposits for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance premium, homeowners' dues, etc.) and all recurring monthly revolving and installment debt (car loans, personal loans, student loans, credit cards, etc.). Then, take that amount and divide it by the gross monthly income. The maximum ratio to qualify is 43%.

See the following example:

Total amount of new house payment:
$750
Total amount of monthly recurring debt:
$400
Total amount of monthly debt:
$1,150
Borrower's gross monthly income (including spouse, if married)
$2,850
Divide total monthly debt by gross monthly income:
$1,150/$2,850
Debt to income ratio:
40.35%

Please note that the above indicators do not exclusively determine whether or not a candidate will qualify for an FHA loan. Other factors will be considered, including credit history and job stability.

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