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The FHA cash-out refinancing option is especially beneficial to homeowners whose property has increased in market value since the home was purchased. Borrowers will need at least 15 percent equity in the property based on a new appraisal.

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FHA Cash-out Refinance Mortgages

Sometimes It Pays to Refinance

The FHA cash-out refinance option allows homeowners to pay off their existing mortgage, and create a larger home loan that provides them with extra cash. The amount of money that can be borrowed depends on the amount of equity that's been built up in the home's value. To be eligible for an FHA cash-out refinance, borrowers will need at least 20 percent equity in the property based on a new appraisal. Equity is the difference between the current value of a property and the amount owed on the mortgage.

In the following example, a borrower obtained an FHA loan of $275,000 to purchase a home. He makes his monthly payments as agreed. As of today, the value has increased to $350,000 with a balance of $250,000 owed on the mortgage. In this example, a loan of up to 80 percent of the appraised value of the home would be permissible ($350,000 x .80 = $280,000). When subtracting the amount that is still owed on the existing mortgage ($250,000) leaves a maximum “cash-out” amount of $30,000 (less closing costs).

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FHA Cash-out Refinance Guidelines

  • Credit Scores

    According to FHA guidelines, applicants must have a minimum credit score of 580 to qualify for an FHA cash-out refinance. Most FHA insured lenders, however, set their own limits higher to include a minimum score of 600 - 620, since cash-out refinancing is more carefully approved than even a home purchase. Some companies require at least one credit score for all qualifying borrowers. Others require that you use the middle score if there are three applicable scores, or use the lower in case of two. The lowest credit score would be used for qualification purposes. Consult your licensed loan officer regarding the lending institution's credit requirements in such cases.

  • Debt-to-Income Ratio
    The FHA has guidelines regarding an applicant's debt-to-income ratio in order to keep people from entering into mortgage agreements that they cannot afford. Therefore, many borrowers choose to pay off certain debts to keep the ratio low. There are two different calculations to take into account:

    Mortgage Payment Expense to Effective Income
    This is calculated by dividing your total housing payment by your income. Add up the total mortgage payment (principal and interest, escrow payments for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance premium, homeowners' association dues, etc.). Take that amount and divide it by gross monthly income. The maximum ratio to qualify is 31 percent.

    Total Fixed Payment to Effective Income
    Add up the total mortgage payment (principal and interest, escrow payments for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance premium, homeowners' association dues, etc.) and all recurring monthly expenses and installment debt (car loans, personal loans, student loans, credit cards, etc.). Take that amount and divide it by gross monthly income. This gives you the total debt ratio that includes monthly credit obligations, which needs to be lower than 43 percent to qualify.

  • Maximum Loan to Value

    FHA cash-out refinance loans have a maximum loan-to-value of 80 percent of the home's current value. The LTV ratio is calculated by dividing the loan amount requested by the property value determined in the appraisal.

  • Payment History Requirements

    Documentation is required to prove that the borrower has made all the monthly payments for the previous 12 months, or since the borrower obtained the loan, whichever is less. Mortgaged properties must have a minimum of 6 months of payments made before you are able to apply for a refinance. If you own your home free and clear, it may be refinanced as a cash-out transaction.

FHA Refinance Options for Homeowners

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FHA Loan Articles and Mortgage News

Uses for FHA Cash-Out Refinancing

September 13, 2021 - FHA Cash-Out loans can be used for refinancing non-FHA mortgages as well as existing FHA loans. The proceeds from this cash-out refinance can be used for any purpose including paying off credit card debt, making home improvements, and even paying for luxury items like cars or boats. 

FHA Refinance Loan Rules You Should Know

September 5, 2021 - Some refinance loans are specifically to get a better deal. But others need to refinance to help avoid further hurting their credit scores or going into loan default because of missed payments. A borrower who gets behind on the old loan can catch up with the new loan, but time may be of the essence. 

What You Should Know About Rising Mortgage Rates

August 22, 2021 - What should a borrower do when they want to buy or refinance a primary residence but interest rates are on the rise? No matter what loan amount you seek, or how many discount points you might think about buying, the rising rate issue is one that creates concern for some applicants.

How Accurate Is Your Credit Report?

August 20, 2021 - Before you get copies of your free credit reports, there are questions you should think about asking regarding your credit report and credit scores. These questions can help you get off to the right start in reviewing your credit. 

Who Needs An FHA Streamline Refinance Loan?

August 18, 2021 - Pro Tip: FHA streamline loans are at their most cost-effective for some borrowers over the long haul if you pay all closing costs in cash and refinance into a 15-year mortgage instead of a 30-year loan. Those who can afford this mortgage can reap the benefit of a less costly loan over the full term.